Cognitive Web Accessibility: Readability 2010

Published in 2010, these resources are original studies, literature reviews and/or related articles that cite references.

  • Unique Contributions of Eye-Tracking Research to the Study of Learning with Graphics
    "The author examines the empirical, methodological, theoretical, and practical contributions of the six studies in this special issue on eye tracking as a tool to study and enhance multimedia learning. The design of learning environments involving graphics should be consistent with a research-based theory of how people learn and evidence-based principles of how to help people learn. Research using eye tracking offers a unique path to testing aspects of theories of multimedia learning, particularly concerning perceptual processing during learning. The studies reported in this special issue add to the evidence base on how people learn and think with graphics. (Contains 4 tables.)"
  • Eye tracking as an MT evaluation technique
    "Eye tracking has been used successfully as a technique for measuring cognitive load in reading, psycholinguistics, writing, language acquisition etc. for some time now. Its application as a technique for measuring the reading ease of MT output has not yet, to our knowledge, been tested. We report here on a preliminary study testing the use and validity of an eye tracking methodology as a means of semi-automatically evaluating machine translation output...Comparisons between HTER scores and eye gaze data were also found to correlate well with gaze time and fixation count, but not with pupil dilation and fixation duration. We conclude that the eye tracking data, in particular gaze time and fixation count, correlate reasonably well with human evaluation of MT output but fixation duration and pupil dilation may be less reliable indicators of reading difficulty for MT output. We also conclude that eye tracking has promise as a semi-automatic MT evaluation technique, which does not require bi-lingual knowledge, and which can potentially tap into the end users’ experience of machine translation output."
  • Web-based education for low-literate parents in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: Development of a website and heuristic evaluation and usability testing
    "Low health literacy has been associated with poor health-related outcomes. The purposes are to report the development of a website for low-literate parents in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), and the findings of heuristic evaluation and a usability testing of this website. These results facilitated design modification and implementation of solutions by categorizing and prioritizing the usability problems"
  • Supporting the web experience of young people with learning disabilities
    "The paper describes a test setup to survey the needs of young people with learning disabilities with regard to additional functions that could support their use of the web."
  • Easyweb - a study how people with specific learning difficulties can be supported on using the internet
    "Although having based on heuristic experiences the study represents a deep investigation concerning Easy-to-Read principles for print and online materials and what is more represented a signal for ongoing ambitious efforts to involve people with specific learning difficulties to all areas of life."
  • The need for easy-to-read information on web sites
    "For the web-information to be accessible, it must be easy to find, the web site easy to navigate and the text must be readable and understandable. The information should be in easy-to-read language and presented in a separate web-room."

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