Nine Ways to Reduce Cognitive Load in Multimedia Learning
"First, we propose a theory of multimedia learning based on the assumptions that humans possess separate systems for processing pictorial and verbal material (dual-channel assumption), each channel is limited in the amount of material that can be processed at one time (limited-capacity assumption), and meaningful learning involves cognitive processing including building connections between pictorial and verbal representations (active-processing assumption). Second, based on the cognitive theory of multimedia learning, we examine the concept of cognitive overload in which the learner’s intended cognitive processing exceeds the learner’s available cognitive capacity. Third, we examine five overload scenarios. For each overload scenario, we offer one or two theory-based suggestions for reducing cognitive load, and we summarize our research results aimed at testing the effectiveness of each suggestion. Overall, our analysis shows that cognitive load is a central consideration in the design of multimedia instruction."
Websites as Educational Motivators for Adults with Learning Disability
"Describes a project that explored the use of Web sites with adults with learning disabilities. Highlights include advantages and weaknesses of Web-based learning for adults with learning disabilities; creating multimedia work related to the Web sites; motivating effects; and Web site access difficulties for people with low literacy levels. "
A pilot study exploring electronic (or e-mail) mail in users with acquired cognitive-linguistic impairments
"Pilot study investigated the usability of a simplified e-mail interface designed for people with acquired cognitive-linguistic impairments."
Think and link
"Presents an update on the progress of Think and Link, a 5-year project designed to promote universal access to email for people with cognitive disabilities."
Promising Products: EluminX, ICanEmail
"ICanEmail is a simplified, talking email program designed for people with cognitive, visual, or physical impairments. Steps for sending and receiving email are presented sequentially in an easy-to-follow format, and the user is provided with large size on screen text and voice prompts for each step. The user can record a message using his or her voice, an AAC device, or the keyboard." Original article not found.
Research Exchange: Making Materials Useful for People with Cognitive Disabilities
"... tips and examples of modifications for print and electronic dissemination; and selected resources from NIDRR grantees and others ...".
Websites as Educational Motivators for Adults with Learning Disability.
"Describes a project that explored the use of Web sites with adults with learning disabilities. Highlights include advantages and weaknesses of Web-based learning for adults with learning disabilities ...".
Instructional Design and Accessibility: Cognitive Curb Cuts
"A Case for Why Cognitive Accessibility Is Important", techniques, examples, references
Cognitive Web Accessibility: Research 2003
Published in 2003, these resources are original studies, literature reviews and related articles that cite references.
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Visit The Clear Helper Blog: Developing best practices of Web accessibility for people with intellectual / cognitive disabilities.